Care and Tips for your Toy Poodle Puppy
"He who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals."
-- Immanuel Kant
The day your puppy comes home, contact your veterinarian to set up your first puppy appointment. Take shot records, that I give you, with you when you take your puppy to the vet so he knows what vaccinations/worming meds were given and on what dates. Your vet will give you a vaccination schedule, which you have to keep up with. Puppies get a series of vaccinations to go through immunizations. Typically one booster shot with 6, 9, and 12 weeks is given and with 15 weeks of age they get an additional Rabies shot. Then they are good till the next Year. All puppy are born with worms, so I worm them with 3, 6,9 and 12 weeks. Usually that takes care of that but let the vet check the stool just in case. To me it is a very good idea to get your puppy on heart worm prevention and Flea protection at the age of 12 weeks. Personally I use Heartgard and Frontline plus once a month. After your puppy's initial shots, annual check-ups are suggested for good health.
If you buy a Toy Poodle, a Tiny Toy or a Teacup Poodle (what is all under Toy Poodle breed, AKC rules) you may already know about the risks of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in smaller puppies.
Hypoglycemia is Blood Glucose or blood sugar concentration of less than 70 milligrams per deciliter(mg/dl) of blood. Symptoms depend on how quickly the blood glucose concentration decreases but rarely occur until it falls below 50 mg/dl.
the rate of decrease of the blood glucose concentration, the underlying cause
of hypoglycemia, and the chronicity of the problem. One common form of
hypoglycemia is called juvenile hypoglycemia because it occurs in puppies less
than three months of age. Juvenile hypoglycemia is common in puppies because
they have not fully developed the ability to regulate their blood glucose
concentration and have a high requirement for glucose. Stress, cold,
malnutrition, and intestinal parasites are problems that may precipitate a
bout of juvenile hypoglycemia. Toy breed dogs less than three months of age
are most commonly affected.
There has to be a reason for a puppy’s blood sugar level to drop. A happy, healthy puppy is not going to just get sick with low blood sugar.
First they must be eating well. If your puppy don't eat his dry puppy food just give him some rice with can food, cooked chicken or browned ground beef. Let him lick some corn syrup of your fingers and add syrup to your puppy’s drinking water as a source of sugar.
Second, too much play over a long period of time isn't all that good for smaller puppies. They loose their energy very fast and that can cause low blood sugar. I recommend a Baby playpen to keep your puppy confined in when you are not playing with them. This must be a small area with enough room for their bed and easy access to food and water where they can rest and eat in peace. This area should be no larger than 3ftX4ft. (A 2ft x 3ft baby playpen is ideal.) Never give your puppy the run of the whole house until they are at least 4 or 5 months old. With such a large space to run around in, it is too easy for them to tire and lose track of where their food is. This could also lead to hypoglycemia.
Play with your puppy for a short time, then give them a small dose of Nutri-Cal® or Karo syrup (or even Pancake syrup) and then place them back in their playpen so they can eat and rest. Remember that Toy puppies are tiny babies and tire easily. Please be careful not to over-tire your puppy especially in the first few weeks. A puppy will play until it drops. It may play so much that it is too tired to eat. It is up to you as the owner to be responsible and see that your puppy gets enough rest. Most very small puppies need as much as 20 out of 24 hours rest. Be especially aware of the amount of time children play with the puppy. These are babies and must be treated as such.
Housebreaking a puppy does not have to be difficult.
One of the best methods for housebreaking your new puppy is crate training. (because it takes advantage of the dog's natural reluctance to soil its sleeping place). It is not only the quickest method, but also helps keep both your puppy and your home safe when you're out of the house.
When you come home, get you puppy out of the crate and take him immediately outside and encourage him to make his business, saying "go Potty". Don't be out there to long and do not play with him at this time. In case the puppy don't go, start the routine over with a little bit more crate time. Don't make a big fuss when you come home or your puppy gets to excited, just keep calm and take him out, after he did his business you can award him either with telling him how good he was or with a treat. It's never too late to start using a crate; older dogs may need more time to get used to it.
The crate should be just big enough for the dog to walk in, turn around, and
Position the crate in an area that is easy to supervise.
Avoid drafts or direct heat.
Multiple crates throughout the home can help also.
Try using treats inside the crate before you place your puppy
Never use a crate as a form of punishment. A Crates must always be a safe retreat for your dog.
Providing your puppy or dog with an indoor kennel crate can satisfy a dog's need for a den-like enclosure. It can also help to reduce separation anxiety, to prevent destructive behavior (such as chewing furniture) and to keep your puppy away from potentially dangerous household items (i.e., poisons, electrical wires, etc.).
We recommend that you provide a kennel crate throughout your dog's lifetime. Some crates allow for the removal of the door once it is no longer necessary for the purpose of training.
When its time to go outside praise the puppy or give him a tread when he does a good job, and be very consisted, the puppy learns pretty quickly what he supposed to do
In case of an accident in the house use a stern, low voice to scold your puppy, never hit or punish your puppy harshly
Supervise your children when they play with the puppy, and don't leave your puppy by himself on beds or furniture, he can fall down and hurt himself.
Do not leave your puppy in the yard alone, there are cases that puppies where stolen out of somebody's yard, they may eat some thing they not supposed to, or they can get harmed by birds of prey
Do not take your puppy anywhere in the public until they are fully vaccinated. This usually means at least 15 weeks of age. I don't let my own puppies out in my own yard until they had their second sets of shots with 9 weeks. Once they have all of their vaccinations, they are pretty much immune to diseases. In Public parks, pet stores and even to the vet be careful. When you have to take your puppy to the vet for vaccinations do not put him down on the floor. Either hold him in your arms or take him in his crate and make sure the vet has cleaned the table before you put your puppy on it. My vet is very good in cleaning the table with every animal that comes to him with disinfectant. Better be safe than sorry.
Raw Food Diet!
Mix dry kibbles (Bill.Jac, Eukanuba, Pro Form or any good dry kibbles), shredded carrots (very small shredded), Blueberries (if in season), ground turkey, chicken or beef meat, and a spoon of yogurt. Dogs love it. There are many raw food diets out there, if you choose to feed raw. Talk to your veterinarian about what he thinks your dog needs when you feed raw.
Normal Dog food!
I like to mix kibbles (Science Diet), can food (Natures variety, Pedigree puppy food), cooked rice, a spoon yogurt, or maybe some cottage cheese. Its not so dry and my dogs love it.
Once a week I give a raw egg (or scrambled), always have fresh water available, and let your dog sink his teeth in some much deserved dog bone, (ask your butcher, they have smaller bones available, even a small dog loves a good bone).
Also, before you get your puppy home ask your breeder what kind of food he/she was fed. Do not change the puppies food for the first 2 weeks until the puppy has adjusted to it's new home. Then, if you are going to make a change, do it gradually by slowly adding more of the new food to the old food each day until they are totally switched over to the new food. Otherwise your puppy can get diarrhea.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Suggested mixing ratio: 1
teaspoon per quart of Water
To add Apple Cider Vinegar into your dogs water may seem strange, but I recommend it. It has positive effects on your poodles health and tummy.
a teaspoon of Apple Cider vinegar is added to your dogs drinking water it
controls tear stains. Your dog may take a while to drink the water, so start
with a little bit less and increase the amount of vinegar every day to 1
teaspoon. Vinegar changes the pH of your dog. Changing the pH of your dog
slightly will do wonders with the tear stains and help eliminate bacteria,
deep stain color and prevent yeast build up. This will help in the future to
get rid of tear stains
Internal: It makes tear stained fur around the eyes better
helps control weight, improve digestion & ph balance
and also helps develop stronger immune systems
External: It practically eliminate potty odors,
produces shiny coats and helps maintain healthy skin
A very good thing you can do for your dogs health is to add a teaspoon of yogurt (calcium source) to their food diet mix. Add a teaspoon of all natural yogurt daily. Your dog will love it. The "live culture" in the yogurt works wonders in your dogs intestinal tract. Yogurt-drops, available in Pets Mart or Petco, is a treat your puppy will love and its very healthy.
It is also good to give your dog 1 raw egg once in a while, it makes the fur really shiny
Neutering or Spaying
Neutering is the surgical removal of the reproductive organs of a pet. This includes the ovaries and uterus in the female (spaying) or the testicles in the male ( neutering). Veterinarians send most pets home from the hospital the same day or the day after surgery. Pets resume normal activity within a day or two.
It is good to have your puppy spayed (Girls) or neutered (Boys) at a young age. Usually about 4 to 6 months of age is best for poodle puppies -- Speak with your veterinarian. Licensed veterinarians perform the spay or neuter operation while the pet is under anesthesia. Depending on your pet's age, size and health, he or she will stay at your veterinarian's office for a few hours or a few days. Depending upon the procedure, your pet may need stitches removed. Your veterinarian can fully explain spay and neuter procedures to you.
Spaying a female eliminates the
possibility of uterine and ovarian cancer and greatly reduces the risk of
When male poodle puppies are neutered at a young age, it helps to prevent them from lifting their leg to leave a "marking" when they are older. Neutering a male reduces the risk of both prostate enlargement and prostate cancer. Neutering also will make your pet more affectionate and less likely to roam or become lost.
or spaying your pet helps stop
needless deaths of homeless pets
There aren't enough homes for the thousands of excess pets in our community. Even if you can place your pet's accidental litter, an equal number of pets will be euthanized for lack of a home.
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